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Capsicum annuum, commonly known as Sweet Pepper, is an ornamental perennial that is known for its fruit rather than its foliage or general appearance.
This plant is native to parts of North and South America as well as the Carribbean. They're the most popularly cultivated variety of domesticated capsicums.
They have bushy green foliage and brightly colored fruits that grow in upright clusters. These fruits can come in a variety of colors as well as the most commonly recognized red color, and they change color as they grow, which can lead to a fun multicolored effect.
These plants need a lot of light in order to stay healthy and happy. Place them in a bright, sunny spot in your home - your Sweet Pepper should preferably get a minimum of 4 hours of bright sunlight per day.
They also need plenty of water. Try to keep the soil evenly moist at all times, although don't let it get overly soggy. No plant likes to sit in excessively wet soil, so it's still important that your plant pot has drainage holes and you make sure you don't overwater the plant. If the watering is incorrect (too much or too little), you may notice that your Sweet Pepper starts to drop its leaves.
Sweet Peppers are sensitive to cold and won't tolerate frost, so it's important that you protect them from the winter chill. Most homes are kept at a warm enough temperature to keep your plant content, but if you plan on keeping yours outdoors then you'll need to make sure your local climate is warm enough and / or bring it inside for the winter depending on how cold it gets where you are. Ideally, don't keep your Sweet Pepper plants below temperatures of around 68 °F (20 °C).
Sweet Peppers can come in shades of red, orange, yellow, black, white and purple. The plant may also produce small white star-shaped flowers in the summertime, although you might want to remove these in order to reserve energy for fruit production.
Note that although Sweet Peppers are safe to eat, plants that are bought from stores may have been treated with unsafe pesticides, so it may be better to start yours from seed instead if you want to eat the peppers.
Like with other peppers, these fruits (especially the juice) are quite hot, so it's important to take care when handling them, as they may cause irritation and a stinging sensation, especially with the delicate skin around, for example, your eyes.