Want to learn more about Daffodil Trivia - Narcissus

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Daffodil Trivia

Narcissus, also known as daffodils, are a popular genus of flowering plants that belong to the Amaryllidaceae family. These plants are known for their attractive and showy flowers, which come in a range of colors, including yellow, white, and orange.

Narcissus is particularly popular during the spring, as they are one of the first plants to bloom after the winter. They typically bloom in late winter or early spring, and their flowers can last for several weeks.

Daffodil, narcissus


Narcissus is a hardy plant that is easy to grow and care for. They are typically grown from bulbs and prefer well-draining soil, plenty of sunlight, and regular watering. These plants are also fairly resistant to pests and diseases, making them an ideal choice for novice gardeners.

One of the most important things to keep in mind when caring for narcissus is to avoid overwatering. These plants prefer well-draining soil, so it is important to ensure that the soil is not too damp. To get the perfect soil for your Daffodils you can mix In some sand with your potting soil. Additionally, it is important to fertilize narcissus bulbs before they bloom to ensure healthy growth and vibrant flowers.

After the daffodil blooms have faded, the leaves will continue to grow and produce energy that is stored in the bulbs for the next season. Therefore, it is important to let the leaves continue to grow and die back naturally before digging up the bulbs.

window bulbs, narcissus, hyacinth

Planting Daffodil Bulbs

Daffodils are generally hardy perennials that are able to withstand cold temperatures and frost. Most daffodil species and cultivars are cold-hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9, meaning they can survive winter temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) to 20°F (-6°C). Some cultivars may be more or less hardy than others, so it's important to choose varieties that are suited to your local climate.

Daffodils prefer well-draining soil and can be prone to rotting in excessively wet conditions. Therefore, it's important to plant daffodil bulbs in well-draining soil and to avoid planting them in areas that are prone to flooding or have poor drainage. Additionally, it's important to choose a pot that is large enough to accommodate the bulbs and provide adequate room for root growth. If the pot is too small, the bulbs may become crowded and be more susceptible to freezing during the winter.

The best time to plant daffodil bulbs outdoors is in the fall, usually around September to early November, depending on your location. This will give the bulbs enough time to establish their roots before the ground freezes. However, if you have grown them indoors, you can plant them outside whenever the soil is ready to be worked.

Plant the bulbs at a depth that is two to three times the height of the bulb, and space them about 4-6 inches apart. Daffodils prefer full sun to partial shade.

A wide selection of cultivars!

There are many different species and cultivars of Narcissus, each with its own unique characteristics. Some popular varieties include the large trumpet-shaped flowers of the King Alfred daffodil, the fragrant blooms of the Paperwhite narcissus, and the multi-flowered clusters of the Tazetta narcissus.

Here are 10 interesting cultivars of daffodils:

  1. 'Thalia' - A late-season bloomer with pure white, fragrant flowers. It has long, narrow petals and a small, cup-like center. 'Thalia' is a great choice for naturalizing in the garden or for use as cut flowers.

  2. 'Bridal Crown' - A mid-season bloomer with clusters of small, creamy white flowers. Each flower has a small, yellow cup surrounded by several white petals. 'Bridal Crown' is a popular choice for wedding bouquets and is also a great addition to spring gardens.

  3. 'Carlton' - A classic large-cupped daffodil with bright yellow petals and a large orange cup. It blooms mid-season and is a popular choice for cut flowers.

  4. 'Ice Follies' - A mid-season bloomer with large white petals and a creamy yellow center. It's a great choice for cut flowers or naturalizing in the garden.

  5. 'Tête-à-Tête' - A miniature daffodil with bright yellow flowers that bloom in early spring. It's a compact plant that's perfect for small gardens or containers.

  6. 'Mount Hood' - A large, pure white trumpet daffodil that blooms in mid-season. It's a popular choice for cut flowers and looks stunning planted en masse.

  7. 'Pink Charm' - A mid-season bloomer with pale pink petals and a yellow-orange cup. It's a unique and striking choice for any garden.

  8. 'Jetfire' - An early-blooming daffodil with bright yellow petals and a vivid orange-red trumpet. It's a great choice for naturalizing in the garden.

  9. 'Dutch Master' - A classic yellow trumpet daffodil that blooms in mid-season. It's a popular choice for naturalizing in large drifts in the garden.

  10. 'Rip Van Winkle' - A miniature daffodil with bright yellow petals and a double, frilly cup. It's a fun and quirky choice for container planting or rock gardens.

bulbs sprouting narcissus

How to Force Daffodils to Bloom Indoors

If you want to enjoy daffodils indoors, you can force the bulbs to bloom early by giving them a period of cold temperatures before bringing them inside. Here's what you need to do:

  1. Choose healthy bulbs that are firm and free from mold or damage.

  2. Place the bulbs in a paper bag or mesh bag and store them in a cool, dark place for about 12-14 weeks. The ideal temperature for chilling the bulbs is around 35-45°F (2-7°C). You can keep the bulbs in the refrigerator, but make sure they are not stored near fruits and vegetables, as these release ethylene gas that can damage the bulbs.

  3. After the chilling period is over, remove the bulbs from the bag and plant them in pots or containers filled with well-draining potting soil mixed with sand. Plant them so that the tops of the bulbs are just below the soil surface.

  4. Water the bulbs thoroughly after planting, and place the containers in a cool, bright location, such as a sunny windowsill or a cool room with good light. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

  5. Once the shoots emerge, move the containers to a warmer location with bright, indirect light. Daffodils prefer temperatures around 60-65°F (15-18°C) while they are growing and blooming. The warmer they are grown the quicker they will bloom.

  6. Once the flowers have bloomed, you can cut them off and continue to grow the leaves until they turn yellow and die back completely. You can then remove the bulbs from the soil and store them as described above, to be replanted outdoors in the fall or forced again next year.